What do you Know about Coronavirus

Coronaviruses constitute a big family including viruses that can cause colds, and in some cases can cause severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Most cases of infections with this virus are simple. Its most common symptoms are high temperature, body aches, sore throat, running nose and cough. These symptoms last for days and then
disappear. However, Coronavirus, which has appeared recently, is a new virus that we do not yet know a lot about its characteristics and ways of its transmission.
What is the incubation period for the novel Coronavirus?
The incubation period for Coronavirus is still unknown, but the incubation period of the known patterns of Corona is approximately a week, and we think it’s mostly the same

There are sayings that those detected cases are types of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). What is true?
Novel Coronavirus varies clearly in terms of its genetic aspect than the virus causing (SARS).
Examinations of infected cases currently being followed up and a smoother image will be given after completing.

What are the symptoms of infection with Corona?
According to the discovered cases, the symptoms include acute and severe respiratory symptoms, accompanied by fever, cough, suffocation and difficulty in respiration.

How are persons infected with Coronavirus?
According to the limited information which is available so far, there is no yet accurate scientific evidence identifying the way through which the virus can be transmitted from one person to another. But, there are sayings that it’s similar to the other kinds of Coronavirus. The World Health Organization (WHO) to learn more about ways of transmission, including through animals. The ways, through which the other kinds of Coronavirus can be transmitted from one person to another, include the following: Direct transmission through droplets expelled during coughs and sneezes. Indirect transmission through touching surfaces and devices contaminated with the virus, and then touching the mouth, nose or eyes. Direct contact with patients.

How are the newly infected cases diagnosed?
The World Health Organization (WHO) has adopted a temporary definition for the cases infected with the virus to help people working in the medical field to diagnose new cases of patients. This definition will be updated when more information becomes available. The current definition includes some criteria for the diagnosis of patients, manifested in the examination of the patient, possibility of being infected with the Coronavirus, and confirmation of his infection. These criteria are based on Clinical and epidemiological and laboratory information.

What are the ways of protection against the Coronavirus?
We don’t know a lot about the characteristics and ways of transmission of Coronavirus so far, but the World Health Organization (WHO) as well as a number of international experts to learn more about it. It is recommended from citizens and residents generally to abide by the following health guidelines to reduce the spread of flu and infectious respiratory diseases until we know the ways of the virus transmission:

  • Wash your hands well and continually with water and soap or with other disinfectants used for hand washing, especially after coughing, sneezing and using toilets. Also, don’t forget to wash your hands before and after handling with or preparing foods.
  • Use handkerchief when coughing or sneezing and cover your mouth and nose with it, then get rid of the handkerchief in a waste basket. If there are no handkerchiefs, it is preferred to cough or sneeze in the top of your arm, not in the hands.
  • Try as much as possible to avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth with your hand, because it can transmit the virus after touching surfaces contaminated with the virus.
  • Wear gags in the overcrowded places during Hajj or Umrah.
  • Keep performing the other hygienic habits such as balance diet, and physical activity, and sleep well.
  • Maintain hygiene.
  • Avoid as much as possible contacting with infected people. Also, don’t forget to consult your doctor when necessary.

Is there a vaccine for the novel Coronavirus?
There is no vaccine currently available worldwide.

Has WHO recommended any travel or trade restrictions related to this new virus?
WHO does not recommend that any travel or trade restrictions are applied with respect to this event so far.

What is the reason for the recent increase of Coronavirus mortality?
Till now, it is not certain whether the Coronavirus infection causes higher mortality than other viruses. It has been observed most of the persons who have died so far have been older men, or people with chronic diseases affecting the immune system, which, in turn, increases the potentiality of developing acute complications, leading to death. The same happens also with seasonal influenza. There might be several infections of the virus, but mild infections with symptoms limited to those of a running cold, after which all such symptoms are cured altogether, without need for referral to a hospital or health facility. That’s why such infections remain undiscovered.

Are there any researches currently conducted to identify the features of the virus?
It goes without saying that the features of Coronavirus are still unknown. However, since the emergence of the virus, the World Health Organization (WHO) as well as a number of international centers specialized in the study and surveillance of the virus, with the aim of getting familiar with the virus’s genes, components, features, ways of infection transmission and symptoms. Once such studies are done, scientists will be able to give a clearer image of this virus.

Is there a medication available for this disease?
There is no available vaccine or a qualitative medication available for this disease so far, however, patients take a supportive medication to deal with the complications and alleviate their impacts, till the patient exceeds the danger stage.

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